Non-State Armed Groups
Non-State Armed Groups (NSAGs) – here refer mainly to rebel
or insurgent groups, i.e. groups that are armed, use force to achieve
their political/quasi-political objectives, and are autonomous from
the state. As used here, NSAGs do not refer to state-controlled
militias or paramilitaries, civil defense units, mercenaries, private
military and security companies, proxy armed forces and the like.
Current rationale and difficulties for engaging NSAGs - The latter
affect the lives of people for better or for worse, especially in
situations of armed conflict and insurgent transitions (e.g. from
war to peace, from authoritarianism to democracy).
NSAGs have become the dominant face of modern warfare and now have
a central role in contemporary armed conflict. Some of them have
already emerged as global actors and they are increasingly becoming
subjects of international law. The greater the threat of NSAGs to
human security of innocent civilians, the greater also the need
for humanitarian among other forms of engagement of these NSAGs.
The current post-9/11 environment is such that it is particularly
difficult to engage with NSAGs at a time when there is a desperate
need to do so. Whatever the illegitimacy of NSAGs should not detract
from the legitimacy of efforts to engage them constructively in
the interest of human security.
Yet, in the overall scheme of things there is understandably not
as much understanding, analytical tools, frameworks, approaches
and mechanisms for dealing with and influencing NSAGs as there is/are
for states in the state-oriented global order, even as there is
a new world disorder.